The Saltify driver is a driver for installing Salt on existing machines (virtual or bare metal).
The Saltify driver has no external dependencies.
Because the Saltify driver does not use an actual cloud provider host, it can have a simple provider configuration. The only thing that is required to be set is the driver name, and any other potentially useful information, like the location of the salt-master:
# Note: This example is for /etc/salt/cloud.providers file or any file in # the /etc/salt/cloud.providers.d/ directory. my-saltify-config: minion: master: 111.222.333.444 driver: saltify
However, if you wish to use the more advanced capabilities of salt-cloud, such as rebooting, listing, and disconnecting machines, then the salt master must fill the role usually performed by a vendor's cloud management system. The salt master must be running on the salt-cloud machine, and created nodes must be connected to the master.
Additional information about which configuration options apply to which actions can be studied in the Saltify Module documentation and the Miscellaneous Salt Cloud Options document.
Saltify requires a separate profile to be configured for each machine that
needs Salt installed 1. The initial profile can be set up at
or in the
/etc/salt/cloud.profiles.d/ directory. Each profile requires
ssh_host and an
ssh_username key parameter as well as either
key_filename or a
Unless you are using a map file to provide the unique parameters.
Profile configuration example:
# /etc/salt/cloud.profiles.d/saltify.conf salt-this-machine: ssh_host: 220.127.116.11 ssh_username: root key_filename: '/etc/salt/mysshkey.pem' provider: my-saltify-config
The machine can now be "Salted" with the following command:
salt-cloud -p salt-this-machine my-machine
This will install salt on the machine specified by the cloud profile,
salt-this-machine, and will give the machine the minion id of
my-machine. If the command was executed on the salt-master, its Salt
key will automatically be accepted by the master.
Once a salt-minion has been successfully installed on the instance, connectivity to it can be verified with Salt:
salt my-machine test.version
New in version 2018.3.0.
For obvious reasons, the
destroy action does not actually vaporize hardware.
If the salt master is connected, it can tear down parts of the client machines.
It will remove the client's key from the salt master,
and can execute the following options:
- remove_config_on_destroy: true # default: true # Deactivate salt-minion on reboot and # delete the minion config and key files from its "/etc/salt" directory, # NOTE: If deactivation was unsuccessful (older Ubuntu machines) then when # salt-minion restarts it will automatically create a new, unwanted, set # of key files. Use the "force_minion_config" option to replace them. - shutdown_on_destroy: false # default: false # last of all, send a "shutdown" command to the client.
New in version 2018.3.0.
In addition to connecting a hardware machine to a Salt master, you have the option of sending a wake-on-LAN magic packet to start that machine running.
The "magic packet" must be sent by an existing salt minion which is on the same network segment as the target machine. (Or your router must be set up especially to route WoL packets.) Your target machine must be set up to listen for WoL and to respond appropriately.
You must provide the Salt node id of the machine which will send
the WoL packet (parameter
the hardware MAC address of the machine you intend to wake,
wake_on_lan_mac). If both parameters are defined,
the WoL will be sent. The cloud master will then sleep a while
wol_boot_wait) to give the target machine time to
boot up before we start probing its SSH port to begin deploying
Salt to it. The default sleep time is 30 seconds.
# /etc/salt/cloud.profiles.d/saltify.conf salt-this-machine: ssh_host: 18.104.22.168 ssh_username: root key_filename: '/etc/salt/mysshkey.pem' provider: my-saltify-config wake_on_lan_mac: '00:e0:4c:70:2a:b2' # found with ifconfig wol_sender_node: bevymaster # its on this network segment wol_boot_wait: 45 # seconds to sleep
The settings explained in the section above may also be set in a map file. An example of how to use the Saltify driver with a map file follows:
# /etc/salt/saltify-map make_salty: - my-instance-0: ssh_host: 22.214.171.124 ssh_username: root password: very-bad-password - my-instance-1: ssh_host: 126.96.36.199 ssh_username: root password: another-bad-pass
In this example, the names
my-instance-1 will be the
identifiers of the deployed minions.
ssh_host directive is also used for Windows hosts, even though they do
not typically run the SSH service. It indicates IP address or host name for the target
Note: When using a cloud map with the Saltify driver, the name of the profile
to use, in this case
make_salty, must be defined in a profile config. For
# /etc/salt/cloud.profiles.d/saltify.conf make_salty: provider: my-saltify-config
The machines listed in the map file can now be "Salted" by applying the following salt map command:
salt-cloud -m /etc/salt/saltify-map
This command will install salt on the machines specified in the map and will
give each machine their minion id of
respectively. If the command was executed on the salt-master, its Salt key will
automatically be signed on the master.
Connectivity to the new "Salted" instances can now be verified with Salt:
salt 'my-instance-*' test.version
When deploying large numbers of Salt Minions using Saltify, it may be preferable to organize the configuration in a way that duplicates data as little as possible. For example, if a group of target systems have the same credentials, they can be specified in the profile, rather than in a map file.
# /etc/salt/cloud.profiles.d/saltify.conf make_salty: provider: my-saltify-config ssh_username: root password: very-bad-password
# /etc/salt/saltify-map make_salty: - my-instance-0: ssh_host: 188.8.131.52 - my-instance-1: ssh_host: 184.108.40.206
ssh_host is not provided, its default value will be the Minion identifier
my-instance-1, in the example above). For deployments with
working DNS resolution, this can save a lot of redundant data in the map. Here is an
example map file using DNS names instead of IP addresses:
# /etc/salt/saltify-map make_salty: - my-instance-0 - my-instance-1
Because the Saltify driver does not actually create VM's, unlike other
salt-cloud drivers, it has special behaviour when the
deploy option is set
False. When the cloud configuration specifies
deploy: False, the
Saltify driver will attempt to authenticate to the target node(s) and return
True for each one that succeeds. This can be useful to verify ports,
protocols, services and credentials are correctly configured before a live
True: Credential verification succeeded
False: Credential verification succeeded
None: Credential verification was not attempted.