The Salt master communicates with the minions using an AES-encrypted ZeroMQ connection. These communications are done over TCP ports 4505 and 4506, which need to be accessible on the master only. This document outlines suggested firewall rules for allowing these incoming connections to the master.
No firewall configuration needs to be done on Salt minions. These changes refer to the master only.
Starting with Fedora 18 FirewallD is the tool that is used to dynamically
manage the firewall rules on a host. It has support for IPv4/6 settings and
the separation of runtime and permanent configurations. To interact with
FirewallD use the command line client
firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=<zone> --add-port=4505-4506/tcp
A network zone defines the security level of trust for the network. The user should choose an appropriate zone value for their setup. Possible values include: drop, block, public, external, dmz, work, home, internal, trusted.
Don't forget to reload after you made your changes.
lokkit command packaged with some Linux distributions makes opening
iptables firewall ports very simple via the command line. Just be careful
to not lock out access to the server by neglecting to open the ssh port.
lokkit -p 22:tcp -p 4505:tcp -p 4506:tcp
system-config-firewall-tui command provides a text-based interface to
modifying the firewall.
Salt installs firewall rules in /etc/sysconfig/SuSEfirewall2.d/services/salt. Enable with:
SuSEfirewall2 open SuSEfirewall2 start
If you have an older package of Salt where the above configuration file is
not included, the
SuSEfirewall2 command makes opening iptables firewall
ports very simple via the command line.
SuSEfirewall2 open EXT TCP 4505 SuSEfirewall2 open EXT TCP 4506
The firewall module in YaST2 provides a text-based interface to modifying the firewall.
Windows Firewall is the default component of Microsoft Windows that provides firewalling and packet filtering. There are many 3rd party firewalls available for Windows, some of which use rules from the Windows Firewall. If you are experiencing problems see the vendor's specific documentation for opening the required ports.
The Windows Firewall can be configured using the Windows Interface or from the command line.
Windows Firewall (interface):
Open the Windows Firewall Interface by typing
wf.msc at the command
prompt or in a run dialog (Windows Key + R)
Navigate to Inbound Rules in the console tree
Add a new rule by clicking New Rule... in the Actions area
Change the Rule Type to Port. Click Next
Set the Protocol to TCP and specify local ports 4505-4506. Click Next
Set the Action to Allow the connection. Click Next
Apply the rule to Domain, Private, and Public. Click Next
Give the new rule a Name, ie: Salt. You may also add a description. Click Finish
Windows Firewall (command line):
The Windows Firewall rule can be created by issuing a single command. Run the following command from the command line or a run prompt:
netsh advfirewall firewall add rule name="Salt" dir=in action=allow protocol=TCP localport=4505-4506
Different Linux distributions store their iptables (also known as netfilter) rules in different places, which makes it difficult to standardize firewall documentation. Included are some of the more common locations, but your mileage may vary.
Fedora / RHEL / CentOS:
Follow these instructions: https://wiki.debian.org/iptables
Once you've found your firewall rules, you'll need to add the below line
to allow traffic on
-A INPUT -m state --state new -m tcp -p tcp --dport 4505:4506 -j ACCEPT
Salt installs firewall rules in /etc/ufw/applications.d/salt.ufw. Enable with:
ufw allow salt
The BSD-family of operating systems uses packet filter (pf). The following
example describes the addition to
pf.conf needed to access the Salt
pass in on $int_if proto tcp from any to $int_if port 4505:4506
Once this addition has been made to the
pf.conf the rules will need to
be reloaded. This can be done using the
pfctl -vf /etc/pf.conf
There are situations where you want to selectively allow Minion traffic from specific hosts or networks into your Salt Master. The first scenario which comes to mind is to prevent unwanted traffic to your Master out of security concerns, but another scenario is to handle Minion upgrades when there are backwards incompatible changes between the installed Salt versions in your environment.
Here is an example Linux iptables ruleset to be set on the Master:
# Allow Minions from these networks -I INPUT -s 10.1.2.0/24 -p tcp --dports 4505:4506 -j ACCEPT -I INPUT -s 10.1.3.0/24 -p tcp --dports 4505:4506 -j ACCEPT # Allow Salt to communicate with Master on the loopback interface -A INPUT -i lo -p tcp --dports 4505:4506 -j ACCEPT # Reject everything else -A INPUT -p tcp --dports 4505:4506 -j REJECT
The important thing to note here is that the
needs to communicate with the listening network socket of
salt-master on the loopback interface. Without this you will
see no outgoing Salt traffic from the master, even for a simple
salt '*' test.version, because the
salt client never reached
salt-master to tell it to carry out the execution.