While the default setup runs the master and minion as the root user, some may consider it an extra measure of security to run the master as a non-root user. Keep in mind that doing so does not change the master's capability to access minions as the user they are running as. Due to this many feel that running the master as a non-root user does not grant any real security advantage which is why the master has remained as root by default.
Some of Salt's operations cannot execute correctly when the master is not running as root, specifically the pam external auth system, as this system needs root access to check authentication.
As of Salt 0.9.10 it is possible to run Salt as a non-root user. This can be
done by setting the
user parameter in the master configuration
file. and restarting the
The minion has its own
user parameter as well, but running the
minion as an unprivileged user will keep it from making changes to things like
users, installed packages, etc. unless access controls (sudo, etc.) are setup
on the minion to permit the non-root user to make the needed changes.
In order to allow Salt to successfully run as a non-root user, ownership, and permissions need to be set such that the desired user can read from and write to the following directories (and their subdirectories, where applicable):
Ownership can be easily changed with
chown, like so:
# chown -R user /etc/salt /var/cache/salt /var/log/salt /var/run/salt