Salt 0.9.3 Release Notes



Salt 0.9.3 is finally arrived. This is another big step forward for Salt, new features range from proper FreeBSD support to fixing issues seen when attaching a minion to a master over the Internet.

The biggest improvements in 0.9.3 though can be found in the state system, it has progressed from something ready for early testers to a system ready to compete with platforms such as Puppet and Chef. The backbone of the state system has been greatly refined and many new features are available.


The Salt source can be downloaded from PyPI:

For instructions on how to set up Salt please see the Installation instructions.

New Features

WAN Support

Recently more people have been testing Salt minions connecting to Salt Masters over the Internet. It was found that Minions would commonly loose their connection to the master when working over the internet. The minions can now detect if the connection has been lost and reconnect to the master, making WAN connections much more reliable.

State System Fixes

Substantial testing has gone into the state system and it is ready for real world usage. A great deal has been added to the documentation for states and the modules and functions available to states have been cleanly documented.

A number of State System bugs have also been founds and repaired, the output from the state system has also been refined to be extremely clear and concise.

Error reporting has also been introduced, issues found in sls files will now be clearly reported when executing Salt States.

Extend Declaration

The Salt States have also gained the extend declaration. This declaration allows for states to be cleanly modified in a post environment. Simply said, if there is an apache.sls file that declares the apache service, then another sls can include apache and then extend it:

  - apache

      - require:
        - pkg: mod_python

    - installed

The notable behavior with the extend functionality is that it literally extends or overwrites a declaration set up in another sls module. This means that Salt will behave as though the modifications were made directly to the apache sls. This ensures that the apache service in this example is directly tied to all requirements.

Highstate Structure Specification

This release comes with a clear specification of the Highstate data structure that is used to declare Salt States. This specification explains everything that can be declared in the Salt SLS modules.

The specification is extremely simple, and illustrates how Salt has been able to fulfill the requirements of a central configuration manager within a simple and easy to understand format and specification.

SheBang Renderer Switch

It came to our attention that having many renderers means that there may be a situation where more than one State Renderer should be available within a single State Tree.

The method chosen to accomplish this was something already familiar to developers and systems administrators, a SheBang. The Python State Renderer displays this new capability.

Python State Renderer

Until now Salt States could only be declared in yaml or json using Jinja or Mako. A new, very powerful, renderer has been added, making it possible to write Salt States in pure Python:


def run():
    Install the python-mako package
    return {"include": ["python"], "python-mako": {"pkg": ["installed"]}}

This renderer is used by making a run function that returns the Highstate data structure. Any capabilities of Python can be used in pure Python sls modules.

This example of a pure Python sls module is the same as this example in yaml:

  - python

    - installed

FreeBSD Support

Additional support has been added for FreeBSD, this is Salt's first branch out of the Linux world and proves the viability of Salt on non-Linux platforms.

Salt remote execution already worked on FreeBSD, and should work without issue on any Unix-like platform. But this support comes in the form of package management and user support, so Salt States also work on FreeBSD now.

The new freebsdpkg module provides package management support for FreeBSD and the new pw_user and pw_group provide user and group management.

Module and State Additions

Cron Support

Support for managing the system crontab has been added, declaring a cron state can be done easily:

date > /tmp/datestamp:
    - present
    - user: fred
    - minute: 5
    - hour: 3

File State Additions

The file state has been given a number of new features, primarily the directory, recurse, symlink, and absent functions.

Make sure that a directory exists and has the right permissions.

    - directory
    - user: root
    - group: root
    - mode: 1755

Make a symlink.

    - symlink
    - target: /srv/www
    - force: True

The recurse state function will recursively download a directory on the master file server and place it on the minion. Any change in the files on the master will be pushed to the minion. The recurse function is very powerful and has been tested by pushing out the full Linux kernel source.

    - recurse
    - source: salt://linux

Make sure that the file is not on the system, recursively deletes directories, files, and symlinks.

    - absent

Sysctl Module and State

The sysctl module and state allows for sysctl components in the kernel to be managed easily. the sysctl module contains the following functions:

Return a list of sysctl parameters for this minion


Return a single sysctl parameter for this minion


Assign a single sysctl parameter for this minion


Assign and persist a simple sysctl parameter for this minion

The sysctl state allows for sysctl parameters to be assigned:

    - present
    - value: 20

Kernel Module Management

A module for managing Linux kernel modules has been added. The new functions are as follows:


Return a list of all available kernel modules


Check to see if the specified kernel module is available


Return a dict containing information about currently loaded modules


Load the specified kernel module


Unload the specified kernel module

The kmod state can enforce modules be either present or absent:

    - present

Ssh Authorized Keys

The ssh_auth state can distribute ssh authorized keys out to minions. Ssh authorized keys can be present or absent.

    - present
    - user: frank
    - enc: dsa
    - comment: 'Frank's key'